The Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme is an EU-financed Operational Programme, applying in Romania and Bulgaria, for the period 2007-2012.
The programme supports the development of specific eligible border areas, in Romania and Bulgaria. It aims to create a “bridge” between the two countries, in order to help the border areas overcome their similar development problems, by working together and finding common solutions. Hence, instead of dividing, the border will unite the areas on either side of the Danube.
Through the Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme the people in border areas will be encouraged to develop new businesses, exchange information and benefit from improved access over the frontier. They will work together on flood prevention, preservation of natural assets and tourism promotion. This will result in increased incentives to live and work in the border communities and will make these areas more attractive to investors.
The total funding for the Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme 2007-2013 is 262 Million Euro. The programme is financed through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) – the Structural Fund intended to help reduce imbalances between EU regions.. The ERDF is supporting EU Regions where GDP is under 75% of the EU average. The EU contribution to the Romania-Bulgaria CBC Programme represents 83% (217.8 Million Euro) of the budget. The remaining 17% (44.2 Million Euro) will be covered by national contributions (state budgets and project partners own sources).
The Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme 2007-2013 has specific objectives and a series of expected outputs. There are also technical issues that applicants need to know, such as the eligible area (area covered by the programme) and the eligibility of applicants (who can request funding under this programme). The full details about these issues can be found in the Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme programming document.
To identify Calls for Proposals under the Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme 2007- 2013, please click here.
Objectives of the Romania-Bulgaria Cross Border Cooperation Programme 2007-2013
Overall strategic goal of the Programme: to bring together the people, communities and economies of the Romania-Bulgaria border area to participate in the joint development of a cooperative area, using its human, natural and environmental resources and advantages.
Romania and Bulgaria set the following common objectives for this Programme:
- Improved access to transport infrastructure, to facilitate the movement of goods and people;
- Improved availability and dissemination of information on joint opportunities within the border area;
- Sustainability of the intrinsic value of the area’s natural resources by prudent exploitation and effective protection of the fragile environment;
- Sustainable economic development of the border area, by joint initiatives to enhance comparative advantages and reduce disadvantages;
Strengthened social and cultural cohesion, by cooperative actions between people and communities.
The CBC complements other EU-funded programmes.
Transport, for instance, has its own operational programme both in Romania and Bulgaria, aiming to develop the networks that are of national importance; at the same time, transport infrastructure at regional and local level get funded through the Regional Operational Programme; all these programmes fund large investment projects at national and regional level. The CBC Programme intervenes to connect these investments across the border and to support an integrated approach on infrastructure development, in order to speed up the development process of these areas and prevent them from lagging behind other regions.
The programme is focused on bringing together the border communities, so they could start cooperating, establishing partnerships for common goals. Therefore, the main indicator of success is the number and quality of the networks, links and projects. This will be measured at the end of the programme.
The programme aims that by 2015:
- 385 cross- border partnerships and networks will be established for the joint development of the cooperation area
- 40 cross-border community-based, permanent partnerships and networks will be active
- 70% of the projects will respect two of the four “joint” criteria: joint development, joint implementation, joint staffing, joint financing
20% of the financed projects will respect three of the above mentioned criteria
- 10% of the financed projects will fulfil all the four mentioned criteria
- 39 projects will contribute to improved access to transport, ICT networks and services
- 150 projects will encourage and improve joint protection and management of the environment.
Specific indicative outputs
Some of the expected results of the programme are the following:
- Reduce by 30% the travel time between settlements located on either side of the border;
- Over 3 million people to have access to ICT facilities;
- 70% of the Danube to be covered by joint flood prevention systems and joint early warning emergency activities against flooding in the border area;
- 20 partnerships created for early warning and emergency response activities;
500 SMEs (small and medium-sized enterprises) benefiting from business facilities;
- 30 promotion materials/events developed;
- 10 integrated tourism products created
- 15 partnerships stimulating cross-border cooperation between universities, research institutes and businesses;
- 360,000 people informed on employment opportunities;
- 3,500 people graduating cross-border training courses;
- 30 partnerships created between education and training centres;
4,500 people participating in people-to-people actions.
Connection with National Operational Programmes(OPs)
This programme will bring an important contribution to the achievement by Romania and Bulgaria of the global objectives established for the new EU cohesion policy, such as speeding up the convergence of the least-developed Member States and regions, by improving conditions for growth and employment and strengthening cross-border cooperation. In this regard, the programme should act in synergy with the National Strategic Reference Frameworks (NSRF) for 2007-2013 of Romania and Bulgaria and with other Operational Programmes (OPs) within these NSRF.
This approach will contribute to:
- the reduction of isolation through improved access to transport, information and communication networks and services;
- the improvement of environment protection and management, as well as the prevention of natural and technological risks;
- the improvement and joint use of infrastructures, in particular in sectors such as tourism and education, innovation and knowledge society;
- entrepreneurship promotion;
- an increased adaptability to economic and social changes.
Romanian Operational Programs 2007-2013
The Structural and Cohesion Funds allocation for Romania is 19,667 Million Euro (12,660 Million Euro from Structural Funds and 6,552 Million Euro from the Cohesion Fund under the Convergence Objective, and 454 Million Euro from Structural Funds under the European Territorial Cooperation Objective – including transfers to IPA and ENPI), all in current prices. For the budget of the Romania-Bulgaria CBC Operational Programme, the European Union allocated 217.8 Million Euro from European Regional Development Fund.
For an outline of the OPs included in the NSRF and prepared by Romania under “Convergence” and “European Territorial Cooperation” Objectives, please click here.
Bulgarian Operational Programmes 2007-2013
The Structural and Cohesion Funds allocation for Bulgaria is 6,852 Million Euro (4,390 Million Euro from the Structural Funds and 2,283 Million Euro from the Cohesion Fund, under the Convergence Objective, and 0.179 Million Euro from the Structural Funds under the European Territorial Cooperation Objective – including transfers to IPA and ENPI), all in current prices.
For an outline of the OPs under “Convergence” and “European Territorial Cooperation” Objectives that are included in the NSRF, please click here.